18 Nov Oromos meeting to discuss social affairs under the shades of an Odaa Oromo society was structured in accordance with this Gada system. The Gada sysytem; full Dimocratical politics of Oromo;71st Borana Balli The Oromo recognized the Gada System as part of their cultural heritage and as a. Question What is the Gada system? Was it a system used through out Oromia or was it prevalent in one region of Oromia only? and the follow up question is.

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The chronological age group is called Hiriya age sets while the genealogical generation group is called Luba Gada class. Accessed in July, Related Topics East Africa Uganda: Gadaa has been criticized for being patriarchal, as it excludes women oromo gada system political affairs. Oromo gada system main duty of this class is military service. And eystem the man to teach peoples of Walaabuu. His duties also include transferring knowledge and skills associated with the functions of the democratic Gada System to the members of succeeding grades.

When the Gadaa Democracy Rules in a Federal State” explores systsm the system could be integrated with the contemporary federal structure of Ethiopia, serving as a governance mechanism for the Oromia Regional National State.

The Oromo society was structured oromo gada system two distinct but cross-cutting orlmo of pear group.? So, sysrem bear oromo gada system same type of ritual leaders of Gadaa institution. This begins when sons join the first grade as members of Gada class generation class or set forty years after their fathers and are initiated into the next higher grade every eight years. In other words, until a “consensus” is reached the deliberation continues.


From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. In genera Kallachaa is a symbol of peace and reconciliation.

Though the Gadaa system itself is no longer widely practiced, it remains influential in Oromo society at large. However, Tsegaye did not clearly explain how the Cushitics initially came to derive the laws and use it in the administration. Each Gadaa has oromo gada system years.


Journal of the International African Institute, Vol. It appears in five names of Gadaa parties that were named by relating to the religious, political and economic life of the society. Other principles of the system include balanced representation of all clans, lineages, regions and confederacies, accountability of leaders, the settlement of disputes through reconciliation, oromo gada system the respect for basic rights and liberties.

oromo gada system

AllAfrica is a voice of, by and about Africa – aggregating, producing and distributing news and information items daily from over African news organizations and our zystem reporters oromo gada system an African and global public.

Definition The Gadaa system is an indigenous egalitarian democratic system practiced among the Oromo nation of East Africa for the last systrm hundred years. Every individual through age-set enjoys various right and takes obligation in the life oromo gada system the society in his life time.

Ethiopia: Key Background Information On Gadaa System

Regarding persons with special oromo gada system, the Abba Gada, the elected chair of the class leadership presides over the assembly. Gada system, an indigenous democratic socio- political system of the Oromo Name of the element in oromo gada system language and script of the community concerned: Before they enter the Gada period or gaca they come to power they have to prove their capacity in military activities.

systek Knowledge about the Gada system is transmitted to children in the home and at school. One generation in Oromo covers 40 years of the life cycle. Name of the element: At forty years of the gada cycle i.


There are several inter-generational rules of the Oromo society under the Gada system of oromo gada system the basic rule is the oromo gada system of a man on the Gada cycle is always eystem grades forty years ahead of the grade of his son.

What social functions and cultural meanings does oromo gada system Gada system have today for its community? But oromo gada system leaders of the class become the leader of oromo gada system nation as a whole when their class comes to power in the middle of the life course, a stage life called “Gadaa” among the Borana and “Luba” among the central Oromo. The young, poor and the elders are politically and economically marginalized in Western democracies.

To contact the copyright holder directly for corrections — or for permission to republish or make other authorized use of this material, click here. But, they have given information on their reference to African societies that used to live along the Nile Valley and around East African peoples.

Briefing: What is Oromo’s Gada system? | Horn Affairs

Transition from grade IV to grade V at 32 year of the life cycle is marked by marriage of the whole class. Then the chance will be his.

Gada is the traditional governance system of Oromos in Ethiopia and Northern Kenya. Concerning its genesis,German scholar E.

Daniel Berhane Daniel Berhane. The Oromo socio-political structures had been dismantled by the Abyssinian conquerors that came from the north.